What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

What Are the Causes of Gum Disease?

Posted by ANTHONY G CORBO on Oct 15 2022, 11:09 PM

The 2019 National Oral Health Survey (NOHS) found that 47% of adults in the United States have some form of gum disease. Gum disease is a bacterial infection that harms the gums and causes them to separate from your teeth. If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss and even bone loss in the jaw. Symptoms include red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing.

Here are the common factors resulting in gum disease:

Poor Dental Hygiene

Plaque buildup is the leading cause of gum disease. Plaque is a sticky, colorless film that forms on your teeth every day when you eat and drink. If not removed, plaque can harden into tartar, which can lead to swollen or bleeding gums and can then lead to more serious oral health problems.

You can prevent its buildup by brushing twice a day for two minutes, each time with a toothbrush that has soft bristles. You should also floss once a day to help remove food particles from between teeth.

In addition to improving your oral hygiene routine, you can also take steps to prevent periodontal disease by visiting your dentist for regular cleanings and checkups. Your dentist may also be able to recommend other products that can help keep your smile healthy.


While genetics do play a role in the development of gum disease, maintaining good oral hygiene habits is essential for protecting your oral health. If you do have a family history of periodontal disease, be sure to see your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups. By being proactive with your oral health care, you can reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

Tobacco Use

Every type of tobacco use is linked with some form of gum disease. This includes smoking cigarettes, chewing tobacco, and using smokeless tobacco products. The chemicals found in all tobacco products can irritate your gums and cause damage over time. Combined with plaque buildup, smoking can lead to severe oral infections that can even affect other parts of your body. If you’re struggling to kick the habit, your dentist can help! They can recommend resources to help you quit, as well as provide tips for helping your mouth heal after quitting.

Smoking can also change the appearance of your teeth. If you have yellowed teeth or stained tooth enamel, your dentist can help you restore them to their natural white color. Tobacco can stain teeth in a short time, but professional whitening treatments can provide excellent results in a short amount of time.

Your dentist may also recommend more frequent cleanings if you’re a smoker. They’ll be able to remove more plaque from your teeth during each appointment to keep your mouth healthy and clean. They can also check for signs of gum disease during your routine checkup appointments to prevent the disease before it even begins.

Hormonal Changes

Hormones can cause a change in your immune system, which in turn can alter your gum tissues. Whether puberty or menopause is to blame, hormonal fluctuations can manifest in bleeding and swollen gums. These changes are temporary and easy to treat by modifying your oral care routine.

Schedule an appointment with Anthony G Corbo, DDS, to learn more about our dental services. Head over to 13101 Old Sheridan St, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33330. Contact us at (954)434-2234 or visit our website to book an appointment.  

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