Periodontics Basics Gingivitis and Gum Disease

Periodontics Basics Gingivitis and Gum Disease

Posted by ANTHONY CORBO DDS on Mar 10 2021, 08:00 AM

Gum disease is a microbial infection of the gums and supporting tissues of your teeth. It is caused by plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth resulting from inadequate dental hygiene. Advanced gum disease (periodontal) can cause tooth loss and other serious health problems if not treated promptly.

Gum disease does not often show obvious symptoms. Therefore, it is critical to schedule frequent dental checkups to maintain good oral health. The symptoms may be minor in the early stages of the illness, but if the sickness is not treated, it will progress to more severe diseases.  

At Anthony G Corbo DDS in Ft. Lauderdale, FL, we provide the most advanced and successful gum disease treatments and procedures.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

  • Swollen, inflamed gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Constant foul breath
  • Gum recession
  • Pus discharge near the tooth roots
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Tooth loss

Stages of Gum Disease

The two stages of gum disease are as follows:


Gums become red, swollen, or inflamed as a result. Gingivitis is also characterized by bleeding gums. With proper oral care and gum disease treatments, this stage of gum disease can be reversed.


Gingivitis progresses to periodontitis, which causes the inflamed gums to separate from the tooth. Bacteria, in collaboration with our bodies' infection-fighting enzymes, begin to degrade tissue and bone. Periodontitis is associated with tooth loss. The disease can be reversed if detected early.

Prevention for Gum Disease

Maintaining excellent oral hygiene routines such as brushing twice a day and flossing once a day will help prevent gum disease to a considerable extent. However, if the disease's symptoms are recognized, a dentist's intervention is required to stop the disease's spread.

Treatment of Gum Disease

Periodontitis treatment consists of several stages, which include the following:

Oral Cleaning

Plaque and tartar along the gum line are removed, and dangerous microorganisms are eliminated using ultrasonic scaling and root planing. This keeps the toxins from infecting the gum and progressively heals the gum.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy is used to eliminate decaying tissues, preventing infection from spreading to nearby tissues.


Antibiotic medication can be used to control or treat an illness and eradicate germs.

Gum Graft

A gum graft procedure restores the volume of the gums. Healthy gum tissues are removed and transplanted to the receding area, where they fuse over time.

For the best dental care, contact Anthony G Corbo DDS at (954) 434-2234 or visit us at 13101 Old Sheridan St, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33330.

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